The games officiated by WSRO members are governed by the
Study Guide for 2014 Re-Certification Exam
Restarts: For every restart (there are 7) you must know:
• What event precedes the restart?
• Where is the location of the restart?
• Where can defenders be?
• Can you be offside if you receive the ball directly?
• Can a goal be scored directly?
• When is the ball in play?
• What about infringements?
6 steps required for a substitution.
If the GK and a field player switch positions without notifying you, allow play to continue. Caution both at next stoppage. The one with the GK shirt is the GK and can handle the ball in penalty area.
A player off the field with the referee’s permission is still a player. Substitutes entering the field without permission are treated differently.
A player who leaves the field in the normal course of play does not reduce a team’s number of players, and that player can return without the referee’s permission.
AR should hold the substitution signal until the referee acknowledges it and orders the substitution.
AR’s need to evaluate fouls for advantage, how well the referee could see the action, and whether the action was trifling before signaling to the referee.
When time (including time added for stoppages) expires, the match or the half is over. Extend only for a penalty kick.
It is not an offense to be in offside position. To be penalized for offside a player must be in offside position at the moment the ball is played by a teammate, and participate in active play by touching the ball, interfering with an opponent, or gaining an advantage.
Attempting to kick, strike, or trip is a foul. A careless foul is not misconduct. The word “blatant” is no longer a consideration in evaluating handling offenses (recent change in interpretation).
* * * * * * *
Procedure in Case of Referee Assault
The following is the procedure that MUST be followed in the event of an assault on a referee:
1. If the game was in progress, the referee IMMEDIATELY terminates the contest. Under NO circumstances is the game to be completed.
2. If a person with a pass (coach/player/trainer) was involved, and the referee can safely do so, display the red card. Again, if safety permits, after retaining the offender(s) card(s), the referee may return the others unless the local rules require the referee to retain all passes (using an intermediary is a good method to avoid any further problems). However, even if the referee cannot display the red card or retain the passes, a Supplemental Game Report still is to be submitted detailing the assault and the misconduct (dismissal/send off).
3. If contact was of a nature that a crime was possibly committed (physical assault i.e. being struck, bumped, pushed, or spat upon), the referee is to contact local law enforcement immediately and fill out a formal complaint at the venue. This way, any witnesses who can support the referee's story will be on record with the police as well.
4. As soon as possible (preferably same day) the referee is to contact the Following people IMMEDIATELY: the SRA (Enrico Romano Phone: (9845) 724-5458, email: firstname.lastname@example.org); the SYRA (Ray Wolfe phone: (516) 488-1883, email: email@example.com); and the ENY State Association President (Adult Game: Sal Rapaglia, phone: (917)371-5188 email: firstname.lastname@example.org – Youth Game: Richard Christiano, phone: (516)766-0849, email: email@example.com), and the president of your local referee association: Contact should preferably be by phone.
5. Fill out a USSF Referee Game and Supplemental Report and submit to the proper State governing body (ENYYSA, ENYSASA) for the match. Be clear and complete, but calm and unemotional. Make NO recommendations or suggestions as to what you feel should be done. Simply state the facts. Be sure to send copies to all three individuals in step listed in Step 4.
6. Await contact by either the SRA or the State office about further proceedings. Be sure to proceed with any charges with local law enforcement.
Please note that these are ENY state requirements and must be followed!!
Fédération Internationale de Football Association, FIFA.
Penal Fouls - Direct Free-Kick
- Kicking or trying to kick opponent
- Tripping or trying to trip opponent
- Jumping at/into opponent
- Charging opponent
- Pushing opponent
- Striking or trying to strike opponent
- Tackling an opponent to gain possession (making contact with opponent first)
- Holding an opponent
- Spitting at opponent
- Handling ball deliberately (incl. GK outside box)
Non-Penal Fouls - Indirect Free-Kick
- Offside (no offside on throw in, corner kick or goal kick)
- Goalie takes more than 6 seconds or touches ball with hand after release or after deliberate kick or
throw from teammate
- Dangerous play
- Impeding progress of an opponent (obstruction)
- Prevent GK from releasing ball from hands
- Touching the ball a second time after the ball is in play following a throw-in, goal kick,
corner kick, penalty kick or free kick
Caution - Yellow Card
- Persistent infringement of the Laws (PI)
- Unsporting behavior (UB)
- Dissent by word or action (DT)
- Delays restart of play (inc. failure to retreat required distance on free kicks or corner kicks (DR)
- Leaves w/out ref's permission (L)
- Enters or re-enters w/out ref's permission (E)
- Distance - fails to yield required distance (FRD)
- *** Notice the acronym: Puddled ***
Send Off - Red Card
- Language/gesture that is abusive, insulting, or offensive (AL)
- Obvious goal scoring opportunity denied by a penal foul offense (DGF)
- Serious foul play (SFP)
- Spits at an opponent or other person (S)
- Violent conduct (VC)
- Obvious goal scoring opportunity denied by deliberate handling (DGH)
- Second caution (2CT)
- *** Notice the acronym: Lossvos ***
Leagues and tournaments to which our referees are assigned may issue regulations and ground rules governing
their games. These regulations are not in contradiction with the worldwide FIFA rules.
They may govern time of the game, number of players, size of the fields, permitted substitutions and method
In some cases, they will further define a FIFA rule, such as player equipment and other factors dealing
with safety. Because safety is of paramount importance, strict adherence to all safety and equipment rules
is demanded of referees.
The very best guide on rules and their application is "Advice to Referees on the Laws of the Game."
This is "must" reading. It is published by and may be ordered from the United States Soccer Federation,
in Chicago, www.ussoccer.com
USSF's toll-free number is: 800-759-9636.
The "Advice to Referees ..." document is also available in PDF format at --
Note: this is a very large file -- 9,264 KB
Armonk Indoor Sports Center Indoor Soccer Rules
- Size 4 balls will be used for U-9 to U-12 play, and size 5 balls for U-13 +
- Games of less than full field will play 6v6 (5+GK); full field will play 8v8 (7+GK).
- Either team may substitute on goal restarts, goal kicks and throw-ins, unless the referee has notified
the coaches about a different pattern in order to improve the speed of play.
- Goalie cannot punt, and cannot drop kick past mid-field.
- Players must wear sneakers, indoor soccer footwear, or turf shoes, and shin guards are mandatory.
NO SOCCER CLEATS WILL BE ALLOWED.
- Respect all Referee calls as final. Coach sportsmanship is important.
- Games will be 50 minutes in length, run as 2 25 minute halves, with a 2 minute half time. A horn will
denote the start and end of each half. Please help us remove any injured player as quickly as possible as
we are unable to grant extended injury time.
- Balls on goal kicks or goalkeeper possession cannot cross half field- indirect kick awarded at mid
field for the other team.
- Any ball hitting any light or bubble in the field of play is considered in play unless ruled as out
of play by the referee, resulting in an indirect free kick for the other team from the point of the
infraction. BALLS HITTING THE BUBBLE BY THE END LINE WILL BE RULED OUT OF PLAY.
- Players can be in off side position; i.e. there is no off-side rule.
- All restarts, except penalty kicks, will be indirect. Opposing players must give 5 yards on all restarts.
- Penalty kicks will be taken at a spot and in a fashion determined by the referee.
- Touch lines on the inside field markers will be the nets. All sideline restarts (throw-ins) on less
than full-field will be indirect kicks.
- NO SLIDE TACKLES ARE ALLOWED. The Referee may require a player to leave the field, either temporarily
or for the remainder of play for multiple infractions.
- All other FIFA rules apply. NO SPITTING.
- Players/coaches that receive a Red Card cannot participate for the next 2 sessions. 2 Red Cards will
result in permanent dismissal from the program. Referees have discretion to force the substitution of a
player in place of issuing a yellow card.
Westchester Youth Soccer League Rules and Guidelines are found in the WYSL section of the website
See: WYSL Rules
Sports Underdome (Mt.Vernon)
The Rules are posted at the entrance. As there are three concurrent games, the time and horn are kept by
the facility attendant for all the games. Any questions should be posed to the attendant. For a copy of the
rules, contact the assignor.
Scarsdale Recreation League
Guidelines will be contained in the sheet that each ref picks up from the Scarsdale Recreation office (
White Plains Post Road-Route 22 between Popham and Crane Roads---enter on the parking lot side of the
building; entrance is to the far left) before his/her game and needs to return along with equipment after
the last game. Scarsdale rules are practically identical to those of the WYSL and otherwise follow FIFA;
there is no player check in for the Scarsdale League and there is less rigor with uniforms, e.g., shorts
may not match, numbers may be absent. Equipment guidelines (including no
jewelry) must be enforced. Scarsdale Rec office: 914 722-1160.
For specific tournament rules, please see the tournament sponsor's website or request same from the assignor.
For premier leagues, contact the assignor if he has not otherwise provided the rules with your assignment
confirmation. Assignors will provide rules for other leagues and competitions.